What is an Infertility Procedure?

an infertility procedure

What is an Infertility Procedure?

Infertility procedures can be used to treat men and women who have underlying problems that interfere with conception, such as ovulation disorders (when the ovaries fail to release an egg for fertilization), structural abnormalities of the vagina or uterus, and autoimmune conditions like celiac disease or lupus. These problems can also be caused by previous surgical sterilization of the fallopian tubes (a procedure called salpingectomy), chromosomal disorders like Klinefelter syndrome, and congenital abnormalities such as an irregularly shaped uterus or vagina.난임시술병원추천

If you have been diagnosed with infertility, your doctor will recommend a treatment plan to help you get pregnant. Your plan may include basic treatments like advice on when and how to have sexual intercourse, hormones to stimulate ovulation, or drugs to improve sperm count or quality. If these treatments are ineffective, your doctor may recommend more advanced assisted reproductive techniques.

Assisted reproductive technology is a series of steps that involves surgically removing eggs from the ovaries, combining them with sperm in a laboratory and then implanting the resulting embryo into the uterus. Typically, the entire process is completed in a laboratory setting and is carried out by an experienced ob/gynecologist. IVF is the treatment of choice for many patients with severe ovulation disorders and those with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes. IVF is an expensive treatment that can involve multiple cycles of hormone stimulation, egg retrieval and fertilization, and transfer of the fertilized eggs into the uterus. It is important for you to talk with your healthcare provider about the costs of IVF and what your coverage options are.

For women, an ovulation stimulating medication — such as clomiphene citrate or follitropin alfa — may be used to trigger ovulation and increase your chances of pregnancy, especially if you have ovulation disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome. If the medications don’t work, your doctor might suggest a minor surgery called laparoscopic ovarian drilling, in which your ovaries are treated with heat or a laser.

The epididymis is a coil-like structure in the testicles that helps store and transport sperm. Occasionally, the epididymis can become blocked and prevent sperm from being ejaculated normally. Surgery to unblock the epididymis, which is a relatively simple and quick outpatient procedure, can improve sperm count and increase fertility.

A sperm retrieval or a testicular biopsy are procedures in which a sample of a man’s sperm is removed from the testicles and placed in a special machine for high-speed washing and spinning. The sperm are then tested for their ability to fertilize an egg. If the sperm are of good quality, they can be injected back into the testicles or frozen for use at a later time. A sex examination or a vaginal ultrasound is usually done prior to these procedures.서울아이앤여성의원