What is the Cause of Bad Breath?
The most common cause of bad breath (halitosis) is poor dental hygiene. Brushing and flossing regularly and properly, at least twice a day for two minutes each time, with a fluoride toothpaste, will help prevent the buildup of food debris and bacteria that causes bad odors. Drinking water, especially after meals and chewing sugar-free gum, can also help freshen the mouth.구취원인치료
In some cases, the odor can indicate a medical or dental problem. For example, if the odor is accompanied by red and bleeding gums, it could be a warning sign of periodontal disease. In addition, some diseases of the sinuses, throat, or lungs can produce a distinctive smell that can be detected on the breath. The chronic reflux of stomach acid (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) can lead to a foul odor in the throat and mouth.
Some medications can also cause bad breath, such as nitrates used to treat angina and some chemotherapy drugs. Alcohol can also contribute to halitosis by drying the mouth and reducing the amount of saliva available to wash away odor-causing substances. People who are taking certain vitamins or dietary supplements may also notice a bad odor as a side effect.
Other conditions, such as diabetes and sinus infections, can contribute to halitosis by producing a fruity or sugary odor on the breath. Some metabolic disorders, such as ketosis and some cancers, may also cause a unique breath odor.
In these cases, it is important to see your family doctor or a dentist. If a health problem is the source of the odor, your physician or dentist will determine the underlying disease and prescribe appropriate treatment. They will likely ask about your diet and lifestyle, as well as the type of odor you detect. They will also want to know if you have any other symptoms, such as a sore throat or swollen lymph nodes, that might suggest a different underlying condition. They will probably refer you to a dentist or periodontist (a specialist in treating gum diseases) for further evaluation and care, if necessary.해우소한의원